Why sterilize your dog or cat?

Contrary to popular belief, a female does not necessarily need to reproduce during her lifetime to maintain a psychological and physiological balance. And for the male, he will not be more frustrated if he does not reproduce if he is neutered. Not operating on him would be a source of frustration, and having him reproduce just once (thinking that it would be good for him) is also a mistake because he might want to do it again and be insistent on the sexual level. However, dog and cat owners are often reluctant to go through the sterilization procedure because of the risks involved. Not only is the birth of the puppies a heavy task for the owners, but also sterilizing your four-legged friend prevents certain diseases. What are all the good reasons and what is the cost of this type of surgery? What could be the disadvantages?

Why sterilize your pet?

This operation, called castration for males, is useful to preserve the happiness of the animal. Indeed, it has been found that animal reproduction is one of the main causes of abandonment, especially in cats that can have at least four more or less prolific litters per year.

The cat’s heat is repeated at a close frequency with a very high probability of fecundation. Contrary to the bitch, she has no blood loss and owners do not see the point of spaying females. However, an involuntary mating can occur in case of a runaway and if you let your cat breed, you will no longer be able to manage all the kittens. You will then be forced to distribute them around you, not to mention the fact that a pregnant female requires a lot of care and that you will have to take care of the kittens before giving them up for adoption.

It is the same for the bitch, although she only experiences two heat periods per year. If your pet gives birth to about 15 pups, have you thought about who you can give them to? Think first of all about what they will become. It’s not all about getting rid of them and it’s essential to put them in good hands. But you don’t always know who you’re giving them to, even if at first glance the person seems serious. These babies are so cute, but how many of these cute puppies and kittens end up alone outdoors totally doomed to become victims of cold, hunger and disease? The pet has become a banal household product that is offered to you for birthdays and thrown away whenever you want, no matter if it risks being run over on the road or is taken in by an already saturated shelter forced to bite it. For the respect of this living being who quickly becomes attached to his master, this surgical act will save many lives.

An indispensable intervention

The veterinarian performs a surgical operation under general anesthesia. For a male, castration consists of the removal of both testicles. For the female, the veterinarian performs an oophorectomy when he removes only the ovaries or an oophorectomy if he removes the ovaries as well as the uterus.

Don’t be afraid of anesthesia, the risks of this operation are really benign. State-of-the-art equipment monitors heart and breathing rhythms throughout the procedure, ensuring that your hairball is doing well. If you are very worried, tell your veterinarian about your apprehension and he will explain the entire surgical procedure to you in detail.

The ideal is to sterilize your animal before puberty, which occurs between five and nine months depending on the breed. A large dog can indeed reach puberty at eighteen months. This operation therefore prevents reproduction and gives you peace of mind, but it also doubles the life expectancy of your faithful companion. It also doubles the life expectancy of your faithful companion. It ensures better health because the female dog is less likely to develop mammary tumours, uterine and ovarian cancer and uterine infections. In addition, an unplanned pregnancy puts a bitch at risk if she mates with a larger dog, which will create difficulties for a safe delivery. Your bitch is also unlikely to experience abortion-related concerns.

Concerning the castration of a dog, it avoids testicular tumors, prostate problems but also tumors and perianal hernias due to age. Moreover, your animal will be less subjected to his aggressive impulses and you will avoid many fights and therefore injuries. He will also be less likely to run away when he feels a female in heat and you will therefore be less stressed at the idea of not seeing your companion again if, for example, he is hit by a car or stolen if you are the proud owner of a cat or dog whose breed is valuable.

Another advantage, the hormonal modification will allow the male cat to stop marking his territory with urine and the female to stop the plaintive meows during their heat. Finally, the female or male cat will be soothed, he will become calmer and more affectionate.


You must follow your veterinarian’s recommendations to the letter. Although they are simple to implement, it is up to you to be responsible and reasonable to avoid complications. Although it may cause you distress, you should not feed or drink your pet for 12 hours prior to the procedure. When you return home, your pet will still be asleep, let it rest in a quiet and warm place, and avoid walking without a leash for a few days for hygiene reasons. Keep the collar so that he does not touch his stitches. He will be able to eat only half of his daily ration so that his organs recover slowly from the anesthesia.

You will have post-operative care to give him. From the next day on, you will have to give him an antibiotic and pain medication. If your animal has a bandage and has removed it, clean with Betadine Iodine Dermal Solution until the skin stitches are removed. If the dressing is dirty, have the wound inspected to ensure proper healing.

A major disadvantage is the price. It varies from one veterinarian to another but a cat to be spayed or neutered will cost you about 100 $ and a little less for a cat. For a dog, the price will depend on the size but a castration can go from 200 to 300 $. The price for spaying a bitch will be higher and can go up to more than 500 $.

Finally another inconvenience concerns the weight. Make sure to offer your faithful friend sufficient physical exercise and a balanced diet to fight against the risk of obesity. Avoid giving him leftovers and prefer the croquettes for sterilized cats or the croquettes for sterilized dogs. A suitable food combined with regular dynamic outings will help your pet keep its figure. There is a wide range of kibbles for sterilized dogs specifically designed according to age, breed and weight. On the other hand, sterilized cats tend to put on weight because they have a greater appetite after spaying while their energy requirements drop by more than 30%. Keep a close eye on your cat’s diet to maintain her health.