Intended to give a special touch to a garden, to make it a haven of peace, a haven of happiness where it is good to relax and escape, the garden pond is a water point built in the open air in a property, or in an enclosed environment, with an ornamental purpose. It quickly becomes a haven for many fish and other wonderful freshwater creatures that deliver a delightful display of sound and color. To achieve this result, the knowledge and application of a few rudiments are necessary.
Tip #1: Choosing a Pond Location
In order to create an enchanting atmosphere around your pond, the location of the pond must be chosen with great care. The location of the pond depends on several factors: soil type, proximity to vegetation, and exposure to the sun. The space around the pond should be large enough to accommodate the surrounding décor: rocks, pebbles, benches, bridges. Hollow or trough-shaped ground is not very suitable, as it favors the accumulation of runoff water during rainy periods, thus creating a flood. It will be necessary to favour a flat ground and to verify the existence of underground conduits related to the supply of electricity, water or gas. Also, the proximity of trees should be avoided, because during the fall, the falling leaves and their decomposition in the pond give it a muddy appearance. To avoid algae growth, the pond should receive a minimum of 4 to 6 hours of sunlight. This will keep the pond at an optimal temperature in winter. In addition, the pond should be deep enough if it is to be used for fish.
Tip 2: Choosing the type of pond
Depending on your design and purpose, you can choose between three types of pond: the liner pond, the preformed pond and the masonry pond. The liner pond leaves room for imagination in technical details such as size and shape. The most important aspect is the choice of a quality liner to ensure the watertightness of the pond. Although expensive, the EPDM liner seems to be more resistant than the PVC liner. The installation of felt protects the liner from damage caused by tree roots and rodent attacks. The preformed pond is a pond ready for installation whose shapes are already predefined. Often made of polyethylene or resin and glass alloy for more solidity, it has the advantage of being installed on a terrace or on the ground and integrates compartments and stairs to plant flowers and create a nice decoration. As for the masonry pond, it requires a lot of time and the collaboration of a mason.
Tip 3: Choosing the right plants
The choice of plants is of primary importance in the design of your pond, because the general appearance of the environment depends on it. It is recommended to choose plants according to the depth of the water feature. The bottom of the pond should be covered with pebbles and a mixture of earth and aquatic soil. The banks and immediate surroundings can be planted with reeds, irises, rushes and lilies. A little deeper, choose water lilies. Filtering plants such as duckweed or salvinia will contribute to the stability of the quality of life and the ecosystem.
Tip #4: Choosing and placing fish
Fish should be introduced a few weeks to a month after the pond has been installed to allow time for the ecological balance to settle in. Remember that the pond must be large enough with a depth of about 1.50 meters to allow the aquatic animal species to spend the winter there. It is necessary to line the space reserved for the fish with a specific liner. In addition, the pond should be filled with drinking water with a pH between 7 and 9 and a temperature between 5 and 25 °C. For large fish such as sturgeon, it will be necessary to consider about 15 m3 of water and 1 m3 for 10 small goldfish. Other specifics include nitrate and oxygen content. Then put inside your pond goldfish, sturgeon, Koi carp, easy to maintain. You should avoid overcrowding the fish and make sure to feed them properly 1 to 5 times a day. Give priority to complete meals in the form of pellets. It is also possible to buy specific food for Koi and goldfish, with different contents according to the season in order to provide the fish with the necessary nutrients. It is also the ideal moment to observe them and check that they eat, take beautiful colors, swim well and extend their fins. This is a sign of a balanced ecosystem.
Tip #5: Pond Maintenance
Maintaining a healthy and viable environment for all species living in the pond is the key to its longevity. To achieve this, a permanent water filtration system should be installed and the water should be changed regularly and progressively without changing the water completely. It will also be necessary to foresee a pump or a fountain to promote the aeration and the free circulation of the water. The use of pesticides, weed killers, insecticides, plant fertilizers and anti-algae products is strictly forbidden. In case of mosquito proliferation, a little water is enough to make them fall into the pond and serve as food for the fish. Clearing the water of dead leaves and damaged plants will keep it clean.