Parasites in dogs

Throughout the year and even more so as the sunny days approach, your dog can catch various kinds of parasites. It is important to be aware of this problem and to protect yourself against it. Whether the parasites are internal or external, this phenomenon should not be taken lightly. Not only are the parasites that attack your dog unpleasant for him, but they can also transmit serious and sometimes fatal diseases.

How to recognize external parasites?

External parasites are found on your dog’s skin, in his fur. The most common are fleas and ticks. For fleas, you will notice that your dog has more or less severe itching that can lead to skin lesions. Some dogs are even allergic to flea bites and as a result of being bitten, they develop dermatological problems. An environment infested with fleas is also unpleasant for the dog’s owner, who is also at risk of being bitten and may also be allergic. As far as ticks are concerned, it is impossible to detect them by the dog’s behaviour. It is by looking for them or by stroking the dog that they can sometimes be found. Ticks are dangerous for dogs because they transmit very serious diseases such as piroplasmosis. It is therefore necessary to use preventive products and to check your pet regularly, especially when returning from walks.

How to recognize internal parasites?

Internal parasites are mainly found in the dog’s intestines. Some internal parasites of the dog can be transmitted to humans and cause serious diseases. The types of internal parasites that exist are roundworms and tapeworms which belong to the Helmintes family or single-celled plant organism type parasites of the protozoan family. These internal parasites can contaminate the dog in different ways either through food, other animals or through various ingestion. The signs may go unnoticed, but the best solution is still prevention. You will still be able to see the worm-like parasites with the naked eye by checking your dog’s feces. Ideally, you should deworm your dog regularly. On a young dog or a puppy the risk of catching internal parasites is higher and more dangerous because they can delay its growth and make the vaccines less effective. A young dog will need to be treated more regularly than an adult dog.

For internal parasites, it is quite simple: you will have to buy deworming products from your veterinarian or a pharmacy selling animal products, specifying the exact weight of your dog. These dewormers can come in different forms such as palatable tablets, a paste to be swallowed with a large syringe, or liquid to be swallowed with a pipette or put in food.

deworming dog

You will choose according to the ease of administering it to your animal. When the dog is infested with worms, a period of fasting before and after the treatment is necessary to make it more effective.

Treatments for external parasites are numerous. Preventive treatments are the same as treatments in case of contamination. For dogs that can tolerate water well, there are anti-parasite shampoos but they do not generally protect against ticks. If your dog doesn’t like to be washed, you can use anti-parasite powder or lotions since these don’t require rinsing.

anti-parasite powder

There are also some that allow you to protect your pet without using any product. It will be necessary to change the collar often so that it remains effective and will be used for prevention. You can also buy anti-parasite sprays to put on the animal or in the environment. The application of spray on the animal is effective but rather unpleasant for the master as for the dog it is preferred to treat the tissues. You will find pipettes of anti-parasite product to be applied to different points of the animal’s body which prove to be much easier to use than the spray. They are the most effective means of prevention against fleas and ticks. Finally, you should know that there are now tablets against external parasites sold by your veterinarian.

In case of contamination some accessories will help you a lot.
If your dog catches ticks, they must be removed quickly and carefully, taking care to remove the tick’s head. Use tick hooks or tick pliers for this purpose. The use of these accessories is easy, but to detach the tick even more easily you can apply an ether compress on the tick for a few minutes with your tweezers or hooks. The combs will allow you to remove dead fleas and excess product after treatment. You will sometimes manage to trap live fleas that you will have to try to catch and kill. Finally, to radically treat your habitat, there are sprayers to choose from depending on the number of square meters to be treated. It is necessary to plan to leave the premises for several hours with all the living creatures in the home and trigger the sprayer when you leave. This will rid your home of fleas, larvae, mites and insects such as flies, spiders or bugs.