Adopting a kitten is not only about welcoming the animal at home in a comfortable place, but it is also a procedure that must be respected. The advice of a veterinarian or a specialist in the field will allow you to understand the steps to take before and after the adoption of the kitten. The individual who makes this choice will have to be ready to invest himself totally, especially during the first months, so that the kitten evolves in good conditions.
The importance of the choice of age
The first aspect to take into account is to wait until the kitten has had time to familiarize himself with the rules of cleanliness and has had time to socialize. Since this learning is done in contact with the mother, he should not be separated from her before he is two months old. It is not responsible to adopt a kitten when it is a baby because even with all the affection that will be carried, the bond with its mother is paramount. The two-month period is very attractive but one must be aware that an animal of this age will need a lot of presence because it will still need a lot of affection and to be able to play. Before proceeding with the adoption of a cat of this age, it will be necessary to make sure to be sufficiently available. Opting for a kitten a little older will require less involvement.
Respect the weaning period
For all kittens, the end of weaning should not be rushed in order to achieve a quick adoption. If the kittens are adorable at birth, they need a period where they will be breastfed by their mother. Around the age of 4 to 5 weeks, they begin to be interested in solid food even if they continue to drink milk. The end of weaning is usually around 7 to 8 weeks of age. At that time, the kitten only consumes solid food and is therefore ready for adoption. This age is an average so for each kitten adoption, it will be necessary to make sure with the private or professional seller that this period is well finished. If this is not the case, it is recommended to be patient and wait a few weeks more. For his future health, it will already be interesting to worry about the food that will be served to him upon his arrival since he has specific needs that must be met.
Carry out the necessary vaccinations
The weaned kitten becomes exposed to diseases and genes that will cause rather important disorders. In order to protect him against these risks, it is essential to keep a vaccination record from the beginning of his adoption. The first vaccination must be done in 7 and 9 weeks, which generally corresponds to the time of adoption. The new owner will then be able to automatically go to the veterinarian to perform each necessary vaccination. The first vaccines concern Coryza, responsible for herpes among others, Typhus which causes diarrhea and severe vomiting as well as Leucosis which causes a more or less serious weakening of the immune defenses.
These three vaccines are very important because they will protect the new cat that will settle in his home so that he does not declare any serious diseases or affections. The recall of its vaccines is done between 12 and 16 weeks. At this age, it is also possible to get a rabies vaccine depending on the place of residence that may present a risk. It is important to know that this vaccine is required if the owner wants to travel to another country of the European Union with his cat so it is preferable to do it. It will be noted on the kitten’s vaccination record and it will only be necessary to present this proof to the competent authorities during the trip.
Health protection treatments
Beyond the diseases that can be managed through vaccination, the owner of a kitten will have to carry out two other steps to ensure that his animal will be perfectly protected. Deworming is essential because it allows the development of a more efficient immune system, guarantees a stronger gastrointestinal balance and protects against dermatological damage. Kittens are infested with worms from an early age because they are already transmitted through mother’s milk and other sources later on. It is essential to deworm your cat every month until the age of six months and then every three months thereafter.
Fleas are a plague that must be eradicated immediately by treating your kitten effectively against fleas. This is necessary even if the cat is going to live in an apartment. Fleas can come from outside, be found on the walls of the windows or in the partitions and proliferate. They can also come from another animal living nearby that is infested. It is therefore necessary to immediately use a flea control product by first verifying that it is well adapted to kittens.