It is necessary to respect certain rules so that the chickens ensure a correct laying.
The choice of the chickens
There is a wide variety of chickens, born from the man-made selection. An ornamental chicken, although being a decorative element of choice in a garden, will be a very poor layer. In order to obtain eggs, it will be necessary to turn to a variety of laying chickens, chosen for their yield. It is thus advisable to inquire well at the time of acquisition.
The installation of the chickens
When you say chicken, you say henhouse. It must have a nesting area where the chickens feel comfortable enough to lay their eggs. This nest box should also be easily accessible, through a door or hatch, for cleaning and egg collection. The hen house can be installed on a slab or directly on the grass and should have a regularly cleaned feed and water trough. It is also important to have a door to the outside, so that the chickens can go outside to stretch their legs and search the floor (their favourite activity).
The chicken house should be far enough away from the house so that the chickens do not cause any nuisance. It is well known that a chicken makes quite a lot of noise, but not too far away either, so that they can give them daily care and collect their precious eggs. It is also advisable to choose a place that is sheltered from the wind. The chickens should also be protected from possible predators, such as foxes, weasels, but also dogs and cats.
The size of the chicken house depends of course on the number of chickens, but also on their living conditions. If the chickens are comfortable in the hen house, they will certainly enter at dusk, so there is no need to prevent them from going out.
Feeding the chickens
Once the chickens are comfortably settled, they will need to be provided with a specific feed to guarantee egg-laying. The chicken feed will include kitchen waste, but also special laying hen seeds that will provide the necessary nutrients and minerals for egg conception.
Special attention will also be paid to the drinking trough, it must be clean and always full. An egg is mostly made up of water, therefore the chicken drinks a lot.
The production of edible eggs
Once all the previous conditions are met, all that remains is to wait until the chickens have settled into their new home. Laying usually occurs in the morning, but it is not systematic, it depends on factors such as the age of the chicken, the season, the quality of the food and the chicken itself. To encourage the chickens to lay eggs, you can slide real or fake eggs into the place where you want to collect them. In fact, the chickens have the habit of always laying in the same nest.
If the purpose of the acquisition of the chickens is only the production of eggs, there is no need to have a rooster in the henhouse. Indeed, the eggs we eat are composed of an unfertilized egg (the yolk) produced by the ovary of the chicken. Once produced, the egg is surrounded by a reserve of food, the albumen or egg white, because if there had been a chick, it would have had to nibble on something while waiting to break its shell. The egg continues its journey through the reproductive tract of the chicken, it is then surrounded by a membrane that will form the shell, made of calcium. This whole process takes about 24 hours, from the production of the egg to the long-awaited moment of laying.
The renewal of the chickens
From the age of four, the chicken becomes less and less productive, it is then possible to guarantee her a happy retirement in your poultry house. However, it is necessary to think about the succession, in this case either new laying chickens are bought, or you can start the exciting adventure of breeding.
To obtain pretty yellow chicks, the condition sin equa non is to introduce a rooster in the henhouse.