If you have just bought an aquarium and put one or more fish in it, you probably have many questions about aquarium keeping. In order to keep your new companions in top shape, it is essential to give them the right care, to pay attention to their diet and to maintain the aquarium properly. Recommendations may vary depending on the type of fish you have selected: find out how to do it now!
Understanding the species of my fish
There are a multitude of fish on the market today that you could put in your aquarium. These fish are all different and therefore have different needs, which is why it is important to learn about the species you select.
Some fish need more or less space for example. So you need to know how many specimens your aquarium can hold.
Fish are also very sensitive to the parameters of the water in which they live. There is of course the fact that it is sea water or fresh water, a parameter that you will have to choose from the first time you put your tank in water, but the temperature, the pH and the hardness of the water are also to be taken into account in order to offer the ideal conditions to your hosts.
Some species of fish do not get along. Therefore, make sure that the different specimens you choose are compatible, otherwise you may witness conflicts or even disappearances!
Finally, find out about the behavioral specificities of your fish: do they like to live alone, in groups, in couples? What is their swimming style? What is their life expectancy?
How to choose my pet fish?
You will make your choice according to the aesthetics of the fish and the conditions in your aquarium.
If you have chosen a cold water aquarium, you can install goldfish for example. There are many species with various colors. Contrary to popular belief, goldfish should never live in a jar, as the space is far too small for them. A classic aquarium is very well suited to accommodate this type of fish.
Another possibility, for a temperate freshwater aquarium this time: the fighter, very appreciated by aquarists, especially for its aestheticism. The males, aggressive, live alone and do not need a large space (between 10 and 20 liters of water), while the females can live in groups.
The discus, also a freshwater fish, is very common in domestic aquariums. However, it is fragile and must be treated with care. It is adapted to a temperature of 26°C and lives in couples or small groups.
To vary the pleasures, you can turn to small crustaceans. The species are numerous, there are some for all types of aquariums. They will bring originality and diversity to your mini marine world.
No matter which species you choose, find out about reproduction (some species produce numerous fry and your aquarium can quickly become too small for all these little people) and about the possibilities of cohabitation between species.
Maintaining the aquarium of my aquatic animal
Here is the big part, sometimes dreaded by new aquarium owners: its maintenance. This is indeed essential for the survival of your fish. Maintenance is not very complicated to do. You will have to establish a routine and never fail to do so, otherwise your different specimens will wither. Cleaning is usually done once a week, but it can depend on the species you have. Each time you have to clean the dirt on the decorations, in the nooks and crannies and on the gravel with a vacuum cleaner made for this purpose. And above all, you must change 20 to 30% of the water so that your fish have enough oxygen. You should also regularly check the water parameters: pH, temperature…
In order for your fish to be happy in your aquarium, it is also important to fill it with plants, they improve the oxygenation of the water and offer hiding places to your fish. The various decorations that are found have the same purpose. You will see that the fish like to hide and chase each other through the different spaces created.
Provide the right food for my fish
The types of fish food are varied. Here again, it is necessary to adapt to the chosen species. However, there are some general points to bear in mind: it is better to feed them in small portions (twice a day for example) to avoid any risk of suffocation, and any food left over more than two days old should be removed from the aquarium. Fish like to eat in a quiet environment, so do not manipulate the aquarium at least half an hour before feeding.
Pellets, powders and flakes are easy to use and well liked by different fish. You can vary their food so that they do not get bored too quickly. Food supplements will provide them with everything they need to be at their best.
Also consider artemia, mini crustaceans that live in salt water. You can buy them or even breed them to feed them to your fish. They are great for feeding fry, and also appeal to adult fish, although you don’t have to feed them in large quantities.
Whether you are a beginner or an expert aquarist, it is essential to be well informed. The better you know the species in your tank, the better you can care for them. Perfectly fed fish living in conditions as close as possible to their natural environment give the best of themselves: natural behavior, reproduction, beautiful colors, longevity… You will then have great pleasure in observing your beautiful aquarium every day.