Design, simplistic, freshwater or marine, making choices in aquarium keeping sometimes requires a long reflection. However, the nature of the fish you plan to keep will often determine the style of aquarium you should choose. Here is a quick overview of the essential points to check before buying your aquarium.
1/ Define its use
Before thinking about other criteria that come intuitively, you must obviously know how to define your needs precisely. Know that freshwater fish will not have the same needs as saltwater fish. Likewise, the latter will require a very specific aquarium with criteria attached to it. With seawater, you have a wide range of fish to choose from, but you also need equipment such as an osmosis unit, a skimmer, density monitoring and salt addition.
Once you have defined the essential point of use, you can turn to the more technical aspects of choosing your aquarium.
2/ Target the size and volume of the aquarium
You must also target the volume that corresponds to the aquarium you want. Do you prefer an imposing aquarium with many fish, or a more simplistic model to bring a decorative touch to your home? For a seawater aquarium, you should plan on a minimum volume of between 250 and 300 liters of water, while for a freshwater aquarium it is around 120 liters of water. On the other hand, if you prefer a reef tank, you will need a volume of 300 to 400 liters of water to guarantee good conditions for your corals. Thus, if you have an idea of the use of your aquarium, you will be able to determine its volume. Moreover, as far as its size is concerned, prefer a rectangular aquarium with a frontage of 80 cm so that your fish can move freely without feeling stressed. Keep in mind that a large aquarium will be easier to maintain since the biochemical balance is stable, which influences the health of your fish.
3/ Think about the filter and the lighting
As you can imagine, the filter is an essential part of your aquarium. Not only does it keep waste in suspension, but it will also save you many water changes. You can choose between external and internal filters. To get an idea, you should consider external filters for an aquarium that exceeds 150 liters. These should be hidden in a cabinet for obvious aesthetic reasons. As for the filter pump, it should offer a flow rate of 250 liters per hour if you have 120 liters of water. On the other hand, you can also opt for internal filters, available in different models, but you will have to plan for their place in the aquarium. Finally, the lighting is also something to think about, since you must define the type of lighting according to the use of your aquarium. Generally, neon lights are the most common, but there are also fluorescent tubes reserved for fresh water and HQL lamps for plant growth. If your budget allows it, you can turn to a more expensive and much more efficient solution: HQI lamps.
4/ Think about heating and substrate
Depending on the species you have chosen and the temperature of the room, you will have to vary the temperature of the aquarium. The heating of the aquarium is ensured by the installation of an immersion heater. Consider one Watt per liter of water for a room temperature of 19°C. The layer of nutrient soil, the substrate, must be chosen according to the volume, the size of the aquarium but also the number of fish and the heating. Too coarse sand is too messy and too fine, it limits the breathing of the soil and is not easy to clean.
Based on all these criteria and taking your budget as a framework, you should be able to choose the aquarium best suited to your needs. Make a thoughtful choice to ensure good conditions for your fish and plants. And then, an aquarium is good, but if it is designed, it will give cachet to your room.